32nd Congress,
1st Session.
[H. OF REPS.]
Ex. Doc.
No. 59

MINT AT PHILADELPHIA.


MESSAGE
from the
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES,

Transmitting

The annual report of the Director of the mint at Philadelphis.


February 12, 1852.

Laid upon the table, and ordered to be printed.


To the House of Representatives of the United States:

I transmit herewith a copy of the annual report of the Director of the mint at Philadelphia, showing the operations of the mint and its branches for the year 1851.

MILLARD FILLMORE.

Washington, D.C., February 10, 1852.


Mint of the United States,
Philadelphia, January 31, 1852.

Sir: In compliance with the second section of the mint act of January 18, 1837, I have the honor to report the operations of the mint and branch mints during the past year.

The coinage at the principal mint in 1851 amounted to $52,689,878 43, of which $52,143,446 were in gold, $446,797 in silver, and $99,635 43 in copper coins. The total number of pieces struck was 24,985,736. The deposites at this mint were $47,799,159 38 in gold, and $528,620 62 in silver, making a total of $48,327,780.

The coinage at the branch mint, New Orleans, amounted to $10,122,600, of which $9,795,000 were in gold, and $327,600 in silver. The number of pieces struck was 3,527,000. The deposites were $8,928,060 51 in gold, and $196,560 in silver, making a total of $9,124,621 06.

The coinage at the branch mint, Charlotte, North Carolina, amounted to $324,454 in gold, and was composed of 105,366 pieces. The deposites were $316,060 55 in gold.

The coinage at the branch mint, Dahlonega, Georgia, amounted to $351,592 in gold, and was composed of 83,856 pieces. The deposites amounted to $379,308 53 in gold.

The total coinage at the four mints was $63,488,524 93, comprising: $62,614,492 50 in gold, $774,397 in silver, and $99,635 43 in copper coins, and composed of 28,701,958 pieces. The total deposites were $58,147,770 14, of which $57,422,588 97 were in gold, and $725,181 17 in silver. Of the deposites thus received, $56,540,611 18 in gold and $389,470 86 in silver were derived from mines in the United States, the whole of such silver, with a very inconsiderable exception, having been separated, by the refining process, from California gold. The total receipts of such gold were $55,938,232, swelling the entire amount derived from California, and deposited at the mints, to the close of the past year, to $98,407,990.

In the last annual report forwarded from this office, my predecessor (Dr. Patterson) presented a candid explanation of the difficulties under which the mints at Philadelphia and New Orleans were then laboring in the execution of the refining and coining of bullion with a rapidity equal to the public demands. He showed that these difficulties were temporary in their nature, and that there was no reason to doubt the entire capacity of those mints to the coinage likely to be required of them. It affords me satisfaction to state that the impediments then existing were soon removed. All deposites of bullion are now promptly paid, and manufactured into coin with but a trifling delay. The mint was never in a condition of greater efficiency.

The three-cent piece ordered to be struck at the last session of Congress was ready for issue in June last. The number of such pieces coined by us during the remainder of the year was 5,447,400; at New Orleans the number was 720,000. This new coin is believed to find public favor; and I anticipate a considerable issue during the present year.

Considerable attention has been paid to the coinage of gold dollars and quarter-eagles, nearly seven millions having been issued from this mint. The demand for them is very moderate compared with that for the larger coins.

I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,

GEO. N. ECKERT, Director.

Millard Fillmore,
  President of the United States.


A.

Statement of deposites and coinage at the mint of the United States and its branches in the year 1851.

DEPOSITES.
United States coins, (old standard)  Mints.
Charlotte. Dahlonega. N. Orleans. Philadelphia. Total.
Gold.
United States coins, (old standard) $174 89 $14,070 50 $14,245 39
Foreign coins 148,525 69 536,965 48 685,491 17
United States bullion $316,060 55 $379,308 53 8,770,722 24 47,074,519 86 56,540,611 18
Foreign bullion 8,637 69 173,603 54 182,241 23





Total of gold 316,060 55 379,308 53 8,928,060 51 47,799,159 38 57,422,588 97





Silver.
Foreign coins 62,801 18 167,480 24 230,281 42
Foreign bullion 73,158 83 32,270 06 105,428 89
United States bullion 60,600 54 328,870 32 389,470 86





Total of silver 196,560 55 528,620 62 725,181 17





Total gold and silver 316,060 55 379,308 53  9,124,621 06  48,327,780 00  58,147,770 14


COINAGE.
Gold.
Double-eagles pieces 315,000 2,087,155 2,402,155
Eagles do 283,000 176,328 439,328
Half-eagles do 49,176 62,710 41,000 377,505 530,391
Quarter-eagles do 14,923 11,264 148,000 1,372,748 1,546,935
Dollars do 41,267 9,882 290,000 3,317,671 3,658,820





Value of gold $324,454 50 351,592 9,795,000 52,143,446 00 62,614,492 50





Silver.
Dollars pieces 1,300 1,300
Half-dollars do 402,000 200,750 602,750
Quarter-dollars do 88,000 168,000 248,000
Dimes do 400,000 1,026,500 1,426,500
Half-dimes do 860,000 781,000 1,641,000
Three-cents do 720,000 5,447,400 6,167,400





Value of silver $327,600 446,797 00 774,397 00





Copper.
Cents pieces 9,889,707 9,889,707
Half-cents do 147,672 147,672





Value of copper $99,635 43 99,635 43





Total coinage in pieces 105,366 83,856 3,527,000 24,985,736 28,701,958





Total coinage in value $324,454 50 351,592 16,122,600 52,689,878 43 63,488,524 93


B.

Coinage of the mint and branch mints from their organization to the close of the year 1851.

1. MINT OF THE UNITED STATES AT PHILADELPHIA.
Periods. GOLD COINAGE. SILVER COINAGE.
Double eagles. Eagles. Half eagles. Quarter eagles. Dollars. Dollars. Half dollars. Quarter dollars. Dimes. Half dimes. Three cents.
1793 to 1817  Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Pieces.
1793 to 1817 132,592 845,909 22,197 1,439,517 13,104,433 650,280 1,007,151 265,543
1816 to 1837 3,087,925 879,903 1,000 74,793,560 5,041,749 11,854,949 14,463,700
1838 7,200 286,588 47,030 3,546,000 832,000 1,992,500 2,255,000
1839 38,248 118,143 27,021 300 3,334,561 491,146 1,053,115 1,069,150
1840 47,338 137,382 18,859 61,005 1,435,008 188,127 1,358,580 1,344,085
1841 63,131 15,833 173,000 310,000 120,000 1,622,500 1,150,000
1842 81,507 27,578 2,823 184,618 2,012,764 88,000 1,887,500 815,000
1843 75,462 611,205 100,546 165,100 3,844,000 645,600 1,370,000 1,165,000
1844 6,361 340,370 6,784 20,000 1,766,000 421,200 72,500 430,000
1845 26,153 417,099 91,051 24,500 589,000 922,000 1,755,000 1,564,000
1846 20,095 395,942 21,598 110,600 2,210,000 510,000 31,300 27,000
1847 862,264 919,781 29,814 140,750 1,156,000 734,000 245,000 1,274,000
1848 145,484 960,775 8,886 15,000 580,000 146,000 451,500 668,000
1849 653,618 133,070 23,294 688,567 62,600 1,252,000 340,000 839,000 1,309,000
1850 1,170,261 291,451 64,491 252,923 481,953 7,500 227,000 190,800 1,931,500 955,000
1851 2,087,155 176,328 377,505 1,372,748 3,317,671 1,300 200,730 160,000 1,026,500 781,000 5,447,400











Total 3,257,416 2,627,232 8,039,596 2,905,477 4,488,191 2,406,790 110,361,056 11,480,902 28,498,595 29,535,478 5,447,400



MINT OF THE UNITED STATES AT PHILADELPHIA – Continued.
Periods. COPPER COINAGE. TOTAL COINAGE.
Cents. Half cents. No. of pieces coined. Value of gold. Value of silver. Value of copper. Total value coined.
1793 to 1817  Pieces. Pieces.
1793 to 1817 29,316,272 5,235,513 52,019,407 5,610,957 50 8,268,295 75 319,340 28 14,198,593 53
1818 to 1837 46,554,830 2,205,200 158,882,816 17,639,382 50 40,566,897 15 476,574 30 58,682,853 95
1838 6,370,200 15,336,518 1,622,515 00 2,293,000 00 63,702 00 3,979,217 00
1839 3,128,661 9,260,345 1,040,747 50 1,949,136 00 31,286 61 3,021,170 11
1840 2,462,700 7,053,084 1,207,437 50 1,028,603 00 24,627 00 2,260,667 50
1841 1,597,367 5,051,831 710,475 00 577,750 00 15,973 67 1,304,198 67
1842 2,383,390 7,483,180 960,017 50 1,442,500 00 23,833 90 2,426,351 40
1843 2,428,320 10,405,233 4,062,010 00 2,443,750 00 24,283 20 6,530,043 20
1844 2,397,752 5,460,967 1,782,420 00 1,037,050 00 23,977 52 2,843,447 52
1845 3,894,804 9,283,607 2,574,652 50 803,200 00 38,948 04 3,416,800 54
1846 4,120,800 7,447,335 2,234,655 00 1,347,580 00 41,208 00 3,623,443 00
1847 6,183,669 11,545,278 13,296,080 00 990,450 00 61,836 69 14,348,366 69
1848 6,415,799 8,691,444 2,780,930 00 420,050 00 64,157 99 3,265,137 99
1849 4,178,500 39,864 9,519,513 7,948,332 00 922,950 00 41,984 32 8,913,266 32
1850 4,426,844 39,812 10,039,535 27,756,445 50 409,600 00 44,467 50 28,210,513 00
1851 9,889,707 147,672 24,985,736 52,143,446 00 446,797 00 99,635 43 52,689,878 43







Total 135,749,615 7,668,061 352,465,829 143,370,503 50 64,947,608 90 1,395,836 45 209,713,948 85



2. BRANCH MINT AT NEW ORLEANS.
Periods. GOLD COINAGE. SILVER COINAGE.
Double eagles. Eagles. Half eagles. Quarter eagles. Dollars. Dollars. Half dollars. Quarter dollars. Dimes. Half dimes. Three cents.
Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Pieces.
1838 205,000 35,000
1839 17,346 115,000 690,000 460,000
1840 32,500 26,200 815,000 426,100 1,241,000 909,000
1841 4,500 6,350 7,180 367,000 452,500 2,007,500 815,000
1842 27,300 16,400 19,800 957,000 769,000 1,950,000 350,000
1843 175,062 179,075 290,002 2,268,000 518,000 150,000
1844 118,700 364,600 2,005,000 740,000 220,000
1845 47,500 41,000 2,094,000 230,000
1846 81,780 58,000 66,000 59,000 2,304,000
1847 571,500 12,000 124,000 2,584,000 368,000
1848 35,850 3,180,000 600,000
1849 23,900 215,000 2,310,000 300,000 140,000
1850 141,000 57,500 84,000 14,000 40,000 2,456,000 412,000 510,000 690,000
1851 315,000 263,000 41,000 148,000 290,000 402,000 88,000 400,000 860,000 720,000











Total 456,000 1,406,592 750,925 782,528 519,000 99,000 21,857,000 3,773,600 7,683,500 5,079,000 720,000



BRANCH MINT AT NEW ORLEANS – Continued.
Periods. TOTAL COINAGE.
Number of pieces coined. Value of gold. Value of silver. Total value coined.
1838 240,000 $22,250 $22,250
1839 1,282,346 $43,365 149,500 192,865
1840 3,449,800 228,000 683,575 911,575
1841 3,660,030 94,700 538,125 632,825
1842 4,089,500 404,500 883,250 1,287,750
1843 3,580,139 3,371,000 1,278,500 4,649,500
1844 3,448,300 3,010,000 1,198,500 4,208,500
1845 2,412,500 680,000 1,070,000 1,750,000
1846 2,568,780 1,272,800 1,211,000 2,483,800
1847 3,659,500 6,085,000 1,384,000 7,469,000
1848 3,815,850 358,500 1,620,000 1,978,500
1849 2,988,900 454,000 1,192,000 1,646,000
1850 4,404,500 3,619,000 1,456,500 5,075,500
1851 3,527,000 9,795,000 327,600 10,122,600




Total 43,127,145 29,415,865 13,014,800 42,430,665



3. BRANCH MINT AT CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Periods. GOLD COINAGE.
Half eagles. Quarter eagles. Gold dollars. Total. Total value of coinage.
Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Dollars.
1838 12,886 7,894 20,780 84,165 00
1839 23,467 18,173 41,640 162,767 50
1840 18,994 12,834 31,828 127,055 00
1841 21,467 10,281 31,748 133,037 50
1842 27,480 8,642 36,122 159,005 00
1843 44,353 26,096 70,449 287,005 00
1844 23,631 11,622 35,253 147,210 00
1845
1846 12,995 4,808 17,803 76,995 00
1847 84,151 23,226 107,377 478,820 00
1848 64,472 16,788 81,260 364,330 00
1849 64,823 10,220 11,634 86,677 361,299 00
1850 63,591 9,148 6,966 79,705 347,791 00
1851 49,176 14,923 41,267 105,366 324,454 50





Total 511,486 174,655 59,867 746,008 3,053,934 50



4. BRANCH MINT AT DAHLONEGA, GA.
Periods. GOLD COINAGE.
Half eagles. Quarter eagles. Gold dollars. Total. Total value of coinage.
Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Pieces. Dollars.
1838 20,583 20,583 102,915 00
1839 18,939 13,674 32,613 128,880 00
1840 23,896 3,532 27,428 128,310 00
1841 30,695 4,164 34,859 163,885 00
1842 59,608 4,643 64,251 309,647 50
1843 98,450 36,209 134,659 582,772 50
1844 89,054 17,332 106,386 488,600 00
1845 90,629 19,460 110,089 501,795 00
1846 80,294 19,303 99,597 449,727 50
1847 64,405 15,784 80,189 361,485 00
1848 47,465 13,771 61,236 271,752 50
1849 39,036 10,945 21,588 71,569 244,130 50
1850 43,950 12,148 8,382 64,480 258,502 00
1851 62,710 11,264 9,882 83,856 351,592 00





Total 769,714 182,229 39,852 991,795 4,343,994 50




Summary exhibit of the coinage of the mints, to the close of 1851.

Mints. Commencement
of coinage.
Gold coinage. Silver coinage. Copper coinage. Entire coinage.
Value. Value. Value. Number of pieces. Value.
Dollars. Dollars. Dollars. Dollars.
Philadelphia   1793 143,370,503 50 64,947,608 90 $1,395,836 45 352,465,829 209,713,948 85
New Orleans 1838 29,415,865 00 13,014,800 00 43,127,145 42,430,665 00
Charlotte 1838 3,053,934 50 746,008 3,053,934 50
Dahlonega 1838 4,343,994 50 991,795 4,343,994 50





Total 180,184,297 50 77,962,408 90 1,395,836 45 397,330,777 259,542,542 85


C.

Statement of the amount of gold of domestic production deposited at the mint of the United States and its branches to the close of 1851.

1. MINT OF THE UNITED STATES.
    Periods.     Virginia. North Carolina. South Carolina. Georgia. Tennessee. Alabama. New Mexico. California. Various sources. Total.
1804 to 1827 $110,000 $110,000
1828 to 1837 $427,000 2,519,500 $327,500 $1,763,900 $12,400 $13,200 5,063,500
1838 to 1847 518,294 1,303,636 152,366 566,316 16,499 $45,493 21,037 2,623,641
1848 57,886 109,034 19,228 3,370 3,497 3,670 $682 $44,177 241,544
1849 129,382 102,688 4,309 10,525 2,739 2,977 32,889 5,481,439 144 5,767,092
1850 65,991 43,734 759 5,114 307 1,178 5,392 31,667,505 326 31,790,306
1851 69,052 49,440 12,338 2,490 126 817 890 46,939,367 47,074,520










Total 1,267,605 4,238,032 516,500 2,351,715 35,568 54,135 39,853 84,132,488 34,707 92,670,603



2. BRANCH MINT AT NEW ORLEANS.
    Periods.     Virginia. North Carolina. South Carolina. Georgia. Tennessee. Alabama. New Mexico. California. Various sources. Total.
1838 to 1847 $741 $14,306 $37,364 $1,772 $61,903 $3,613 $119,699
1848 1,488 2,317 947 6,717 $1,124 12,593
1849 423 4,062 669,921 2,783 677,189
1850 3,560 4,575,567 894 4,580,021
1851 1,040 8,769,682 8,770,722










Total 741 16,217 39,681 2,719 77,282 14,016,294 7,290 14,160,224



3. BRANCH MINT, CHARLOTTE, N. C.
    Periods.     Virginia. North Carolina. South Carolina. Georgia. Tennessee. Alabama. New Mexico. California. Various sources. Total.
1838 to 1847 $1,529,777 $143,941 $1,673,718
1848 359,075 11,710 370,785
1849 378,223 12,509 390,732
1850 307,289 13,000 320,289
1851 275,472 25,478 $15,111 316,061










Total 2,849,836 206,638 15,111 3,071,585



4. BRANCH MINT, DAHLONEGA, GEORGIA.
    Periods.     Virginia. North Carolina. South Carolina. Georgia. Tennessee. Alabama. New Mexico. California. Various sources. Total.
1838 to 1847 $64,351 $95,427 $2,978,353 $32,175 $47,711 $3,218,017
1848 5,434 8,151 251,376 2,717 4,075 271,753
1849 4,882 7,323 225,824 2,441 3,661 244,131
1850 4,500 5,700 1,200 204,473 1,800 $30,025 247,698
1851 1,971 3,236 154,723 2,251 2,105 214,072 $951 379,309










Total 81,138 119,837 3,611,476 244,057 59,352 244,097 951 4,360,908



Summary exhibit of the entire deposites of domestic gold at the mint and branches to the close of 1851.

     Mints.      Virginia. North Carolina. South Carolina. Georgia. Tennessee. Alabama. New Mexico. California. Various sources. Total.
Philadelphia $1,267,605 $4,238,032 $516,500 $2,351,715 $35,568 $54,135 $39,853 $84,132,488 $34,707 $92,670,603
New Orleans 741 16,217 39,681 2,719 77,282 14,016,294 7,290 14,160,224
Charlotte 2,849,836 206,638 15,111 3,071,585
Dahlonega 81,138 119,837 3,611,476 244,057 59,352 244,097 951 4,360,908










Aggregate 1,267,605 7,169,747 859,192 6,002,872 282,344 190,769 39,853 98,407,990 42,948 114,263,320