|Archive available at http://www.ChicagoCoinClub.org/|
|Volume 60 No. 10||October 2014|
The club auction is scheduled for 7PM, near the start of the regular November club meeting. In the past few years, club related material (and Chicago area numismatic items) have had the best results. Some printed material also has shown good results. Please consider using the club auction to dispose of the numismatic items you no longer need.
You can place a reserve on each lot, and there is no commission charged to either the buyer or seller. Auction lot viewing will be held before the meeting starts, and again briefly before the auction starts.
The November Chatter will contain a list of all auction lots that are known to us by Tuesday, October 28. You can either e-mail your list to Paul Hybert by Tuesday, October 28 if you plan to bring your lots with you to the November meeting; or you can ship your items to Bill Burd by Tuesday, October 28.
Chicago Coin Company
6455 W. Archer Ave.
Chicago, IL 60638
If you have questions, Bill can be reached at 773-586-7666.
The 1149th meeting of the Chicago Coin Club was held September 10, 2014 in the Chicago Bar Association Building, 321 S. Plymouth Court, Downtown Chicago. President Elliott Krieter called ed the meeting at 6:45 PM with an attendance of 18 members and 2 guests: Howard Kryse and Dr. Lawrence Lee.
A motion was passed to accept the August Minutes as published in the Chatter. Treasurer Steve Zitowsky gave a detailed report for the month of August revenue of $4,669.44, expenses of $11,091.66, net income of $-6,422.22, total assets of $24,054.91 held in Life Membership $2,110.00 and member equity $21,944.91. After several questions on the 95th Anniversary celebration and the ANA Convention, a motion was passed to accept his report.
The applications for membership of V. Kurt Bellman, Francis Hawks, John Thill, and Deven Kane received second reading and a motion was passed to accept them into the Club. The applications of Howard Kryse and Dr. Lawrence Lee received first reading.
William Burd announced a wrap-up meeting of the 2014 ANA Convention Committee to be held at Chicago Coin Company, 6455 W. Archer Ave., 6-8PM, Wednesday September 17. President Krieter announced plans to hold an Board Meeting first or third weekin October.
The featured speaker Dr. Lawrence Lee, Lincoln, Nebraska was introduced and spoke on Archeologically Recovered Coins from Fort Atkinson (1819-1827). Following a question and answer period, Dr. Lee was presented with an ANA Educational Certificate and an engraved Club medal suspended from a neck ribbon.
Second V.P. Marc Stackler introduced the evening’s 10 exhibitors. EUGENE FREEMAN: German POW money, Republic of Nueva Granda 1844 8 reales, and a Panamanian error 5-balboas coin; ROBERT FEILER: four medals from the die sinker of the Club 95th Anniversary medal, undated silver blank, and fantasy notes from Artic Territories; WILLIAM BURD: ANS first medal, struck in 1866 commemorating the death of Abraham Lincoln; STEVE ZITOWSKY: 1936-KN pattern shilling of British West Africa, and Hungarian 500 Forint; MARK WIECLAW: a Washington quarter he “walked” across the Potomac, pewter copy of Brasher Doubloon, a tetradrachm of Antoninus Pius (138-161 AD), and sterling silver medal Chicago Times/WJJD Quiz-Down; JAMES McMENAMIN: four coins showing the evolution of French 5 sols to 5 francs; DALE LUKANICH: four 19th century banknotes; JEFF ROSINIA: book from Chicago’s 1933 Century of Progress; MARC STACKLER: memorabilia from Sociedad Numismatica de Mexico; and PHIL CARRIGAN: 1884 68mm copper medal of Charles Anthon, and the ANA Presidential Award plaque presented to him at the recent ANA Convention.
The meeting was adjourned at 8:44 PM.
Carl Wolf, Secretary
a presentation by Dr. Lawrence J. Lee,
to our September 10, 2014 meeting
Dr. Lee, a past curator of the ANA museum, started the program with an overview of research methods and how numismatic education could be presented as a rigorous discipline. Research usually follows one of two styles: the Quantitative Paradigm or the Qualitative Paradigm. We were quickly shown characteristics of each, but at the risk of over simplifying, repeatable results are from the quantitative side. Each field of research typically follows only one paradigm, with the fields of Education, Sociology, and History listed among those offering Qualitative degrees. Among the five qualitative research traditions, the Case Study — exploration of a bound system — is the best for numismatic research.
Both research paradigms use the same 5-point methodology, so for our numismatic research to be accepted by the researchers in other fields, it is best that we follow it, too. The five steps are:
In the 1860s, numismatics was considered an observational science like geology, astronomy, and others. Since then, those sciences have developed around the world — but numismatics did not keep up in the US. By following the above five steps in the presentation of his research, Lawrence hopes to raise the appreciation of numismatics, as a science, among his colleagues in other fields. So, where was Fort Atkinson?
Soon after the War of 1812, to dissuade British fur traders operating out of Canada from establishing themselves on US territory, Fort Atkinson was established on the west bank of the Missouri River, at what is now the northern reaches of Omaha, Nebraska. The short life of the fort resulted from the increased trade to the southwest that was much larger than the trade to the northwest. The Santa Fe Trail trade route quickly grew in importance soon after Fort Atkinson opened; after some years, Fort Atkinson was abandoned in favor of forts along the Santa Fe Trail. During its short existence, the fort was the last large community encountered by travellers heading up the Missouri River.
In only one year, 1823, did the number of soldiers stationed at the fort fall below 400 — in total, the resulting community consisted of more than a thousand easterners. It was not just civilians who set up outside the walls of the fort; some of the fort’s storehouses, workshops, and residences were located outside the walls. There was never any military action at the fort; this was a base, from which soldiers did go on some missions. One of the patrols was a monthly trip to the town of Franklin to escort the payroll. The town of Franklin was on the Missouri River, located between St. Louis and what is now Kansas City; it is generally recognized as the eastern end of the Santa Fe Trail. Never heard of Franklin? That is because a Missouri River flood soon wiped it out.
Fort Atkinson was built near the edge of a bluff 20 feet above the Missouri River. today it is a good site for archeological searches because the river channel, years ago, moved far to the east, away from the fort. Built above ground mainly of cottonwood, the fort burned down soon after it was abandoned, and the area saw only light development in the following years. Years later, a farm house was built inside the old fort’'s footprint; pigs were raised, resulting in the pig burial pit that is shown among the sites identified by archeologists. We saw a photo of a brick lined cellar uncovered during a 1956 excavation; more excavations have been made over the years, as resources are available. We also saw photos of a reconstruction of the old fort, but it must have been built away from the old site so as not to interfere with the ongoing digs. Only a small part of the old site has been excavated. We saw maps showing old structure remnants as well as found articles, including something identified as Feature #34 Hoard which, although having a total face value of only $1.16¼, is the largest found grouping of coins.
No, there was no half of a Half Cent found — it was mostly Spanish Colonial coins and pieces, but it did have an 1805 half penny from Ireland as well as an 1821 US dime (the only one found so far in the fort). According to records, the fort’s monthly payroll arrived as United States Half Dollars. A soldier earned $5 each month, paid as ten half dollars. He did not keep the money for long — there were bills to pay and things to buy: a sutler (shop keeper) was there, and his one-year diary provides details to researchers; a laundress charged 6¼¢, so a new half dollar would be cut into eighths; and there were the usual diversions on a lonely outpost after payday. But soldier’s pay was not the only economy present; others that mixed and ran in parallel included the fur trade, where each animal’s pelt was its own denomination, as well as trade goods (which included Spanish silver coins).
All of the found coins are considered to be lost items; the Feature #34 mentioned above was found near what was the paymaster office, so this is probably just a lost pouch of small change instead of a soldier’s life savings. Of the 130 coins found to date, none was gold and six were copper. Most of the silver was found as individual pieces, most likely lost through floor boards or other means. We saw two complete US half dollars dated 1817; that is not representative of the found items because only 10% of them are from the US, and six of them are pieces of half dollars. Virtually all of the others are from Spanish South America or Spain, with about a quarter of them cut. Cut by a chissel, axe, or knife, the resulting cut edge was sharp; put the piece in a pouch and after a while all the jostling results in a tear and lost coins.
Feature #34 also included some light weight tools originally identified as steelyard scale, hammer, chisel, and files. While most considered these to be just general tools, Dr. Lee saw more to them. The box of dirtly pieces did not look like much, but when he showed us a line drawing of a steelyard scale, with the individual components identified, we appreciated what they had found: the tools to create, measure, and adjust cut coins. In addition to showing us tables arranging the coins by weight or host coin, we also saw arrangments of the modified pieces by such characteristics as a cut coin’s source location on the original coin and details of the hole in holed pieces. There are characteristics unique to the production of drilled and punched holes, and the wear pattern of an enlarged hole provides clues as to how a holed coin was used. Were holed coins strung in bundles, or attached as ornaments to clothes and other objects?
Much more was mentioned and shown during the presentation, including a love token and acknowledging the assistance of the Central States Numismatic Society But you who did not attend our meeting are not out of luck; look for the book The Coins of Fort Atkinson by Lawrence J. Lee later this year. We will include ordering details when the book is available.
|CSNS Convention||Chicago Coin Company|
|CPMX & CICF||Harlan J. Berk, Ltd.|
Items shown at our Sep 10, 2014 meeting,
reported by Marc Stackler
|Date:||October 8, 2014|
At the Chicago Bar Association, 321 S. Plymouth Court, 3rd floor meeting room. Please remember the security measures at our meeting building: everyone must show their photo-ID and register at the guard’s desk. Nearby parking: South Loop Self Park, 318 South Federal Street; that is two short blocks west of our meeting site. Note: Their typical rate of $33 is reduced to $9 if you eat at the Plymouth Restaurant, 327 S. Plymouth Court (next to our meeting site at the CBA) — show the restaurant your parking ticket, and ask for a parking voucher. The restaurant offers standard sandwiches, burgers, and salads for members who want to meet for dinner. Another before-meeting favorite of some members is the Berghoff Restaurant, located on Adams, just west of State. Members start arriving at 5pm.
|Featured speaker:||— to be announced|
Check our main web page for details as they become available.
Unless stated otherwise, our regular monthly CCC Meeting is in downtown Chicago on the second Wednesday of the month; the starting time is 6:45PM.
|October||8||CCC Meeting - Featured Speaker - to be announced|
|October||26||Elgin Coin Club Show, on Sunday. Open to the public from 9:00 am until 4:00 pm. New location Moose Lodge #799, 925 South McLean Blvd., Elgin, IL 60123. Don Cerny is the Show Chairman, 847-888-1449.|
|November||12||CCC Meeting - Club Auction - no featured speaker|
|November||21-23||PCDA National Coin and Currency Convention at the Crown Plaza Chicago O’Hare, 5440 North River Road, Rosemont, IL. Admission is $5 for Friday through Sunday. Details at http://www.pcdaonline.com|
|November||22||CCC Meeting - 1pm at the PCDA National Coin and Currency Convention,
which is held at the Crown Plaza Chicago O’Hare, 5440 North River Road, Rosemont, IL.
No admission charge for our meeting.
Featured Speaker - to be announced
|December||10||CCC Meeting - Annual Banquet - Featured Speaker to be announced|
All correspondence pertaining to Club matters
should be addressed to the Secretary and mailed to:
CHICAGO COIN CLUB
P.O. Box 2301
CHICAGO, IL 60690
|Elliott Krieter||- President|
|Richard Lipman||- First Vice President|
|Marc Stackler||- Second Vice President|
|William Burd||- Archivist|
|Other positions held are:|
|Jeffrey Rosinia||- Immediate Past President|
|Carl Wolf||- Secretary|
|Steve Zitowsky||- Treasurer|
|Paul Hybert||- Chatter Editor|
|Robert Feiler||- ANA Club Representative|
The print version of the Chatter is simply a printout of the Chatter web page,
with a little cutting and pasting to fill out each print page.
The web page is available before the Chatter is mailed.
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